How To Install Asahi Linux On Your Apple Silicon Mac

The introduction of Apple’s M1 chip revolutionized the computing landscape, offering unparalleled performance and efficiency to Mac users. However, for those eager to explore beyond macOS, Asahi Linux presents an intriguing alternative. Asahi Linux is an open-source project aimed at bringing the Linux operating system to Apple Silicon Macs. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the process of installing Asahi Linux on your Apple Silicon Mac, unlocking a new realm of possibilities.

Understanding Asahi Linux

Asahi Linux is a community-driven effort focused on developing and optimizing Linux for Apple’s ARM-based Macs. While macOS boasts exceptional performance and a seamless user experience, some users may prefer the flexibility and customization options offered by Linux distributions. Asahi Linux aims to provide a stable Linux environment tailored for Apple Silicon hardware.


Before diving into the installation process, ensure that you have the following:

  1. An Apple Silicon Mac (M1, M1 Pro, or M1 Max).
  2. A USB flash drive with a capacity of at least 16GB.
  3. A reliable internet connection.
  4. Patience and attention to detail.

Step-by-Step Installation Guide

1. Prepare the USB Installer

Begin by creating a bootable USB installer for Asahi Linux:

  1. Download the latest Asahi Linux installer image from the official website.
  2. Insert the USB flash drive into your Mac.
  3. Launch Terminal (Applications > Utilities > Terminal).
  4. Use the diskutil list command to identify the USB drive’s identifier (e.g., /dev/disk2).
  5. Format the USB drive by entering diskutil eraseDisk FAT32 ASAHILINUX MBRFormat /dev/diskX (replace X with the appropriate identifier).
  6. Mount the downloaded Asahi Linux image by executing hdiutil mount path/to/asahi-linux-image.img.
  7. Copy the image to the USB drive using sudo dd if=path/to/asahi-linux-image.img of=/dev/rdiskX bs=1m (replace X with the USB drive identifier).

2. Enter Recovery Mode on Your Mac

Shut down your Apple Silicon Mac and follow these steps to enter Recovery Mode:

  1. Press and hold the power button until the startup options appear.
  2. Choose “Options” and click “Continue.”
  3. When prompted, select “Recovery” and click “Continue.”

3. Disable System Integrity Protection (SIP)

To install Asahi Linux, disable SIP by performing the following steps:

  1. In the macOS Recovery environment, launch Terminal from the Utilities menu.
  2. Enter csrutil disable and press Enter.
  3. Restart your Mac by selecting the Apple logo and choosing “Restart.”

4. Install Asahi Linux

Proceed with the installation of Asahi Linux on your Mac:

  1. Connect the prepared USB installer to your Mac.
  2. Power on your Mac and hold down the Option key to access the startup options.
  3. Choose the “EFI Boot” option from the available drives.
  4. Follow the on-screen instructions to begin the Asahi Linux installation process.
  5. Select the desired language and keyboard layout.
  6. When prompted, choose the installation destination (typically the internal storage of your Mac).
  7. Confirm the installation settings and proceed with the installation.

5. Post-Installation Setup

Once the installation is complete, perform these essential steps:

  1. Reboot your Mac and access the GRUB boot menu by holding down the Option key during startup.
  2. Select the Asahi Linux entry to boot into your newly installed system.
  3. Follow the initial setup wizard to configure your preferences and user account.
  4. Update the system by running sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade in the terminal to ensure you have the latest software packages.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed Asahi Linux on your Apple Silicon Mac, unlocking the potential to explore a new operating system ecosystem. Keep in mind that while Asahi Linux is a promising project, it may still have limitations or compatibility issues due to its early development stage. Regular updates and community contributions are integral to its growth and improvement.

Enjoy the freedom and versatility that Asahi Linux brings to your Apple Silicon Mac, and don’t hesitate to explore its vast array of applications and customization options.

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